SECTION 6:

 

FOCUS ON ONLY THE FACULTY

 

FOR 2003

 

 

SECTION 6:

 

FOCUS ON ONLY THE FACULTY FOR 2003

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

In this section, the focus is only on the faculty for the 2003 study.  Table 6A presents a summary version of the information for each of the 47 attitudinal questions.  For each question, the percent that agreed with each statement is given.  In addition, the average response (low is positive) and the standard deviation for each question are provided.  The number of responses completes the information for each group for each question.  Questions 30 to 38 are given at the end of the table since their answers should have reflected “to what extent” instead of a SA to SD perspective.  See Table 6B for a clearer understanding of these questions.  Table 6B gives the percentage of respondents who either Strongly Agreed, Agree, gave No Opinion, Disagreed or Strongly Disagreed for each question. 

 

 

ANALYSIS

 

 

 

 One can examine the differences in the actual responses in these two tables depending upon his or her interest in the particular question and/or group.  A detailed analysis of the information in this section is beyond the scope of the project.

 

 

TABLE 6A.     PERCENT OF THE FACULTY IN 2003 AGREEING WITH EACH
                             STATEMENT (1 = SA, 5=SD)
Q# QUESTION Year Type % Agree Mean Std. Dev. n=
1 The corporation has a responsibility to take the lead in solving major social problems such as pollution, discrimination, and safety. 2003 Faculty 67% 2.4 1.2 269
2 The corporation has a responsibility to not become involved in solving social problems unless doing so becomes a cost of doing business or the opportunity to earn a profit. 2003 Faculty 19% 3.8 1.1 269
3 The corporation has the responsibility to get involved in social responsibility projects because outside pressures make such  an involvement a cost of doing business. 2003 Faculty 58% 2.7 1.0 269
4 The corporation has a responsibility to promote equal opportunity in hiring and promotion. 2003 Faculty 95% 1.5 0.7 269
5 The corporation has a responsibility to promote conservation of energy even if doing so means a reduction in profits. 2003 Faculty 68% 2.4 1.1 269
6 The corporation has a responsibility to conserve natural resources, even if doing so means a reduction in profits. 2003 Faculty 73% 2.2 1.1 269
7 The corporation has a responsibility to clean up or avoid causing air, noise, and water pollution even if doing so means a reduction in profits. 2003 Faculty 81% 2.0 1.0 269
8 The corporation has a responsibility to contribute money and management time to civic activities in communities where the firm has plants or offices. 2003 Faculty 80% 2.0 0.9 269
9 The corporation has a responsibility to help minority owned businesses. 2003 Faculty 42% 2.8 1.0 269
10 The corporation has a responsibility to be truthful in advertising. 2003 Faculty 99% 1.2 0.5 269
11 The typical business executive has two sets of ethical standards, one which he/she applies to business activities and another which is applied to his/her private life. 2003 Faculty 38% 3.2 1.2 269
12 Ethical standards in business are lower than in government. 2003 Faculty 15% 3.7 1.0 269
13 Ethical standards in business are lower than in most religious organizations. 2003 Faculty 51% 2.9 1.2 269
14 Ethical standards in business are lower than in the typical American family. 2003 Faculty 36% 3.1 1.1 269
15 The ethical standards used in business are as high as those practiced with family and friends. 2003 Faculty 34% 3.2 1.0 269
16 Occasionally, business people make decisions that are right for business but which are inconsistent with their personal ethical principles. 2003 Faculty 85% 2.1 0.7 269
17 Much advertising done by business is misleading to the consumer. 2003 Faculty 53% 2.8 1.1 269
18 Effective advertising may have to be somewhat misleading.   2003 Faculty 7% 4.1 0.8 269
19 It is in the long run self-interest of business to protect the customer. 2003 Faculty 92% 1.6 0.8 269
20 The average customer is less ethical in dealing with business than the business is in dealing with that customer. 2003 Faculty 20% 3.3 0.9 269
21 No employee should be required to engage in business practices that employee considers unethical. 2003 Faculty 81% 1.9 1.0 269
22 In accepting an employment offer each employee implicitly agrees to abide by the ethical standards of the employer, even if the company standards differ from those of the employee. 2003 Faculty 43% 3.1 1.2 269
23 Wages and salaries should vary according to an employee’s productivity.  2003 Faculty 91% 1.8 0.7 269
24 Wages and salaries should vary according to both the employee’s productivity and years of service with the firm. 2003 Faculty 54% 2.7 1.1 269
25 Wages and salaries should vary primarily with the employee's years of service with the firm. 2003 Faculty 3% 4.1 0.7 269
26 Labor unions serve a useful purpose by prodding a particular management into fulfilling its responsibilities to labor. 2003 Faculty 54% 2.8 1.1 269
27 The corporation should seek to maximize short run profits. 2003 Faculty 16% 3.9 1.1 269
28 The corporation should seek to earn a satisfactory rate of return for stockholders. 2003 Faculty 95% 1.8 0.6 269
29 The ethical standards in competition are determined by the least ethical competitor.  If one firm engages in unethical conduct, the others will have to follow to survive. 2003 Faculty 7% 4.0 0.8 269
39 All institutions in our society should seek to protect and promote the interests of individuals. 2003 Faculty 43% 2.8 1.1 268
40 Individual freedom may have to be partly restricted in order for organizations to effectively function. 2003 Faculty 69% 2.6 1.1 269
41 Government should redistribute income in order to assure a minimum standard of living for all citizens. 2003 Faculty 35% 3.3 1.3 269
42 Government should provide incentives for business to get involved in solving social problems.  2003 Faculty 74% 2.4 1.1 269
43 Truth in lending regulations are needed to protect the customer. 2003 Faculty 88% 1.9 0.8 269
44 Antitrust laws prohibiting price fixing benefit the customer.  2003 Faculty 82% 2.0 0.9 269
45 Lazy or incompetent employees should be fired. 2003 Faculty 87% 1.8 0.8 269
46 A company should have formal policies to guarantee that every employee has an equal opportunity for promotion, pay increases, and other rewards provided by the firm. 2003 Faculty 91% 1.7 0.8 269
47 The corporation should seek to maximize long run profits.  2003 Faculty 92% 1.6 0.8 269
30 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by peer group pressures? 2003 Faculty 87% 2.0 0.8 252
31 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by prevailing industry practice? 2003 Faculty 91% 1.9 0.6 252
32 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by perceived preference of top executives? 2003 Faculty 89% 1.8 0.7 253
33 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by family experiences?  2003 Faculty 72% 2.3 1.0 254
34 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by church experiences? 2003 Faculty 59% 2.6 1.0 254
35 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by your educational experiences?  2003 Faculty 73% 2.3 0.8 254
36 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by company's ethical code or policy? 2003 Faculty 75% 2.3 0.9 254
37 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by professional ethical code? 2003 Faculty 78% 2.2 0.9 254
38 To what extent are ethical standards influenced by society's moral climate?  2003 Faculty 80% 2.1 0.8 255

 

 

 

 

TABLE 6B.       PERCENT OF THE FACULTY IN 2003 PROVIDING THEIR DEGREE OF AGREEMENT
                             WITH EACH STATEMENT (1=SA;  5=SD)
Q# QUESTION Year Type %SA %A %NO %D %SD n=
   1 The corporation has a responsibility to take the lead in solving major social problems such as pollution, discrimination, and safety. 2003 Faculty 23 44 9 20 4 269
   2 The corporation has a responsibility to not become involved in solving social problems unless doing so becomes a cost of doing business or the opportunity to earn a profit. 2003 Faculty 3 16 7 52 23 269
   3 The corporation has the responsibility to get involved in social responsibility projects because outside pressures make such  an involvement a cost of doing business. 2003 Faculty 7 51 15 23 5 269
   4 The corporation has a responsibility to promote equal opportunity in hiring and promotion. 2003 Faculty 64 31 3 2 1 269
   5 The corporation has a responsibility to promote conservation of energy even if doing so means a reduction in profits. 2003 Faculty 23 45 11 18 3 269
   6 The corporation has a responsibility to conserve natural resources, even if doing so means a reduction in profits. 2003 Faculty 26 47 7 16 3 269
   7 The corporation has a responsibility to clean up or avoid causing air, noise, and water pollution even if doing so means a reduction in profits. 2003 Faculty 35 46 5 12 2 2003
   8 The corporation has a responsibility to contribute money and management time to civic activities in communities where the firm has plants or offices. 2003 Faculty 31 49 9 9 1 269
   9 The corporation has a responsibility to help minority owned businesses. 2003 Faculty 9 33 31 23 5 269
   9 The corporation has a responsibility to help minority owned businesses. 2003 Faculty 9 33 31 23 5 269
10 The corporation has a responsibility to be truthful in advertising. 2003 Faculty 82 17 1 0 0 269
11 The typical business executive has two sets of ethical standards, one which he/she applies to business activities and another which is applied to his/her private life. 2003 Faculty 8 30 12 35 16 269
12 Ethical standards in business are lower than in government. 2003 Faculty 3 12 16 49 20 269
13 Ethical standards in business are lower than in most religious organizations. 2003 Faculty 10 41 12 29 8 269
14 Ethical standards in business are lower than in the typical American family. 2003 Faculty 6 30 22 35 7 269
15 The ethical standards used in business are as high as those practiced with family and friends. 2003 Faculty 4 30 16 45 4 269
16 Occasionally, business people make decisions that are right for business but which are inconsistent with their personal ethical principles. 2003 Faculty 13 72 7 7 1 269
17 Much advertising done by business is misleading to the consumer. 2003 Faculty 7 46 9 32 6 269
18 Effective advertising may have to be somewhat misleading.   2003 Faculty 1 6 6 59 27 269
19 It is in the long run self-interest of business to protect the customer. 2003 Faculty 50 42 5 3 0 269
20 The average customer is less ethical in dealing with business than the business is in dealing with that customer. 2003 Faculty 3 17 34 43 3 269
21 No employee should be required to engage in business practices that employee considers unethical. 2003 Faculty 42 39 6 13 0 269
22 In accepting an employment offer each employee implicitly agrees to abide by the ethical standards of the employer, even if the company standards differ from those of the employee. 2003 Faculty 9 34 9 37 11 269
23 Wages and salaries should vary according to an employee’s productivity.  2003 Faculty 39 52 6 3 1 269
24 Wages and salaries should vary according to both the employee’s productivity and years of service with the firm. 2003 Faculty 8 46 16 25 5 269
25 Wages and salaries should vary primarily with the employee's years of service with the firm. 2003 Faculty 1 2 8 62 27 269
26 Labor unions serve a useful purpose by prodding a particular management into fulfilling its responsibilities to labor. 2003 Faculty 7 47 17 19 10 269
27 The corporation should seek to maximize short run profits. 2003 Faculty 3 13 9 45 31 269
28 The corporation should seek to earn a satisfactory rate of return for stockholders. 2003 Faculty 30 65 2 2 0 269
29 The ethical standards in competition are determined by the least ethical competitor.  If one firm engages in unethical conduct, the others will have to follow to survive. 2003 Faculty 1 6 6 62 25 269
39 All institutions in our society should seek to protect and promote the interests of individuals. 2003 Faculty 12 31 27 27 3 268
40 Individual freedom may have to be partly restricted in order for organizations to effectively function. 2003 Faculty 7 62 10 13 9 269
41 Government should redistribute income in order to assure a minimum standard of living for all citizens. 2003 Faculty 7 28 14 30 21 269
42 Government should provide incentives for business to get involved in solving social problems.  2003 Faculty 15 59 7 14 5 269
43 Truth in lending regulations is needed to protect the customer. 2003 Faculty 33 55 8 3 2 269
44 Antitrust laws prohibiting price fixing benefit the customer.  2003 Faculty 26 56 12 3 3 269
45 Lazy or incompetent employees should be fired. 2003 Faculty 39 48 8 5 1 269
46 A company should have formal policies to guarantee that every employee has an equal opportunity for promotion, pay increases, and other rewards provided by the firm. 2003 Faculty 49 42 5 1 3 269
47 The corporation should seek to maximize long run profits.  2003 Faculty 51 41 5 3 1 269
30 * Ethical standards are influenced by peer group pressures? 2003 Faculty 23 64 8 5 1 252
31 * Ethical standards are influenced by prevailing industry practice. 2003 Faculty 26 65 6 3 0 252
32 * Ethical standards are influenced by perceived preference of top executives. 2003 Faculty 33 56 8 3 0 253
33 * Ethical standards are influenced by family experiences.  2003 Faculty 11 61 14 12 1 254
34 * Ethical standards are influenced by church experiences. 2003 Faculty 8 51 21 17 3 254
35 * Ethical standards are influenced by your educational experiences.  2003 Faculty 8 65 14 12 1 254
36 * Ethical standards are influenced by company's ethical code or policy. 2003 Faculty 11 64 13 10 2 254
37 * Ethical standards are influenced by professional ethical code. 2003 Faculty 15 63 11 10 2 254
38 * Ethical standards are influenced by society's moral climate.  2003 Faculty 20 60 11 8 1 255
Source:       2003 Study of Ethics

 

* The actual question on the questionnaire was “To what extent are ethical standards influenced by …”